What is Salesforce order of execution

Salesforce order of execution refers to the sequence in which various processes are executed when a record is saved or updated. It’s crucial for developers and administrators to understand this sequence to ensure the proper execution of business logic and avoid unexpected behaviors. In this comprehensive blog post, we’ll delve into the Salesforce order of execution, covering its phases, considerations, best practices, FAQs, and external resources to deepen your understanding.

Navigating the Salesforce Order of Execution

The Salesforce order of execution comprises several phases, each with its unique role in processing record operations. Let’s explore these phases in detail:

Validation Rules: Validation rules are the first gatekeepers, ensuring that data entered by users meets specified criteria before proceeding with the save operation.

Before Triggers: Before triggers execute logic before the record is saved to the database, enabling developers to manipulate data or enforce additional validation rules.

System Validation Rules: System validation rules, including required fields and unique constraints, validate data integrity at the database level.

Duplicate Rules: Duplicate rules prevent the creation of duplicate records based on predefined criteria, enhancing data cleanliness and accuracy.

Record Save: During the record save phase, workflow rules, processes, assignment rules, and auto-response rules are executed to automate actions based on predefined criteria.

After Triggers: After triggers fire after the record is saved to the database, allowing developers to perform additional operations or updates.

Assignment Rules: Assignment rules determine the ownership of records based on specified criteria, streamlining the assignment process.

Auto-Response Rules: Auto-response rules generate email responses to users based on predefined conditions, enhancing communication and customer engagement.

Workflow Rules: Workflow rules automate actions such as field updates, email alerts, and outbound messages based on specified criteria.

Processes: Processes, powered by Salesforce Lightning Process Builder, automate complex business processes with point-and-click configuration.

Escalation Rules: Escalation rules ensure timely resolution of cases by escalating them based on predefined criteria, such as elapsed time or priority.

Post-Commit Logic: Post-commit logic, such as outbound messages or asynchronous Apex code execution, occurs after the record is saved and committed to the database.

Best Practices for Salesforce Order of Execution

To leverage the Salesforce order of execution effectively, developers should adhere to best practices:

  • Governor Limits: Understand and adhere to Salesforce governor limits to prevent hitting limits that could result in performance issues or unexpected behavior.
  • Bulkification: Write code and processes to handle bulk records efficiently to ensure optimal performance and scalability.
  • Testing and Debugging: Thoroughly test and debug automation to ensure it behaves as expected under various scenarios and conditions.
  • Optimization: Regularly monitor and optimize automation to maintain system efficiency and performance.

Troubleshooting Common Issues

When encountering issues related to the Salesforce order of execution, developers can follow these troubleshooting steps:

  1. Review Debug Logs: Review debug logs and system logs to trace the execution of processes and identify any errors or issues.
  2. Check Governor Limits: Verify that automation is not hitting Salesforce governor limits, as exceeding limits can result in unexpected behavior.
  3. Analyze Dependencies: Analyze dependencies between processes and ensure that they are executed in the desired order.
  4. Use Test Cases: Create test cases to simulate scenarios and identify potential issues before deploying automation to production.

External Resources

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

  1. What happens if a record fails validation during the order of execution? If a record fails validation, the user is prompted to correct the error before the record can be saved.
  2. Can I customize the order of execution in Salesforce? No, the order of execution in Salesforce is predefined and cannot be customized.
  3. How can I troubleshoot issues related to the order of execution? You can use debug logs and system logs to trace the execution of your processes and identify any issues or errors.
  4. Are there any limits to the number of processes that can be executed in Salesforce? Yes, Salesforce imposes governor limits on various resources, including the number of processes, to ensure system performance and stability.


The Salesforce order of execution is a critical aspect of designing and implementing business logic in Salesforce. By understanding the sequence of processes and considerations for optimization, developers and administrators can ensure the proper execution of automation and maintain system efficiency. Referencing external resources and FAQs can further deepen your understanding and troubleshoot any issues that may arise in your Salesforce implementation.